To identify, initiate and support the healthcare, health education and physical fitnessactivities in order to promote health awareness in the community. Also provide advice andassist patients for medical treatment both locally and abroad when required.

Ref: CHB/HB/53/16                                                                           


Kidney failure is when your kidneys stop working well enough for you to live without dialysis or a kidney transplant.  Kidney failure can happen very suddenly (called acute renal failure) or slowly over time. In most cases, kidney failure is permanent.  This is called End-stage Renal Disease or ESRD.

What are the signs and symptoms of kidney failure?

Initially, kidney failure may be not produce any symptoms (asymptomatic). As kidney function decreases, the symptoms are related to the inability to regulate water and electrolyte balances, clear waste products from the body, and promote red blood cell production.

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Ref: CHB/HB/52/16                                                                       


What is DVT? 

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot in one of the deep veins in the body.
Blood clots that develop in a vein are also known as venous thrombosis. DVT usually occurs in a deep leg vein, a larger vein that runs through the muscles of the calf and the thigh.

It can cause pain and swelling in the leg and may lead to complications such as pulmonary embolism.
This is when a piece of blood clot breaks off into the bloodstream and blocks one of the blood vessels in the lungs.
DVT and pulmonary embolism together are known as venous thromboembolism (VTE).

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Personal hygiene habits such as washing your hands and brushing and flossing your teeth will help keep bacteria, viruses, and illnesses at bay. And there are mental as well as physical benefits. “Practicing good body hygiene helps you feel good about yourself, which is important for your mental health,”
Personal Hygiene: Healthy Habits Include Good Grooming
If you want to minimize your risk of infection and also enhance your overall health, follow these basic personal hygiene habits:

  • Bathe regularly: - Wash your body and your hair often.  I’m not saying that you need to shower or bathe every day, but you should clean your body and shampoo your hair at regular intervals that work for you. Your body is constantly shedding skin. That skin needs to come off. Otherwise, it will cake up and can cause illnesses.
  • Trim your nails: - Keeping your finger and toenails trimmed and in good shape will prevent problems such as hang nails and infected nail beds. Feet that are clean and dry are less likely to contract athlete’s foot.
  • Brush and floss: - Ideally, you should brush your teeth after every meal. At the very least, brush your teeth twice a day and floss daily. Brushing minimizes the accumulation of bacteria in your mouth, which can cause tooth decay and gum disease. Flossing, too, helps maintain strong, healthy gums. The bacteria that builds up and causes gum disease can go straight to the heart and cause very serious valve problems. Unhealthy gums also can cause your teeth to loosen, which makes it difficult to chew and to eat properly. To maintain a healthy smile, visit the dentist at six-month intervals for checkups and cleanings
  • Wash your hands: - Washing your hands before preparing or eating food, after going to the bathroom, after coughing or sneezing, and after handling garbage, goes a long way toward preventing the spread of bacteria and viruses. Keep a hygiene product, like an alcohol-based sanitizing gel, handy for when soap and water isn’t available.
  • Sleep tight: - Get plenty of rest - 8 to 10 hours a night - so that you are refreshed and are ready to take on the day every morning. Lack of sleep can leave you feeling run down and can compromise your body's natural defenses, your immune system.



A child’s earliest years are filled with new experiences that drive their cognitive, social and physical growth. The first 3 years in a child’s life are the most critical for the brain development, especially if a child is delayed in development. Early intervention is a collective therapy that provides children from birth to 3 years who have disabilities or are at a risk of developing; to help them cope later in life.

Occupational therapy is one of the several therapies that benefit children with many conditions such as Down syndrome, Autism, developmental delays,birth injuries or defects, sensory processing disorders, learning problems, autism, behavioral problems, burns, cerebral palsy and other chronic illnesses,

The therapy can help improve their motor, physical, cognitive, sensory processing, communication, play skills and enhance their self-esteem. The main goal is to enhance development, minimize delay and support families meet the needs of their children,

People may think that occupational therapy is just for adults; after all, what’s a child’s occupation? A child’s main occupation is playing and learning, hence, occupational therapists promote active participation in occupations that are meaningful to them. They evaluate a child’s skills for playing, school performance and activities of daily living (ADL’s) and compare them with their developmentally appropriate age group.


Ref: CHB/HB/49/15                                                                          


As providers and caretakers, adults tend to view the world of children as happy and carefree. After all, kids don’t have jobs to keep or bills to pay, so what could they possibly have to worry about?

Childhood Stress can be caused by any situation that requires the child to adapt or change. The Situation often produces anxiety. Stress may be caused by positives changes, such as starting a new activity, but it is most commonly linked with negative changes such as illness or death in the family.

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